are performed individually. Exceptions can be made only in the
case of close relatives, and then only with the prior written
instructions of the authorizing agent(s) and only if
state/provincial or local laws allow this.
process begins with the placement of the casket/container in the
cremation chamber where it is subjected to intense heat and
flame reaching temperatures between 1400 and 1800 degrees
fahrenheit. All substances are consumed except bone fragments
(calcium compounds) and any non-combustible materials, such as
jewelry, dental gold, prosthesis, latches, hinges, etc., that
were not removed prior to cremation as the temperature is not
sufficient to consume them.
cremation process it may be necessary to open the cremation
chamber and reposition the deceased in order to facilitate a
complete and thorough cremation.
The time for
cremation to be completed varies with the size and weight of
each human remains but usually takes between 1-1/2 – 3 hours.
cooling period, the cremated remains are then swept or raked
from the cremation chamber. Every effort is made to remove all
human remains. However, a small residue may remain in the
cremation chamber, resulting in incidental commingling with
other cremated remains.
cremated remains are removed from the cremation chamber. All
non-combustible materials that have not been removed prior to
cremation, will be separated and removed from the bone fragments
by visible or magnetic selection and will be disposed of by the
crematory in a non-recoverable manner.
Once the bone
fragments have been separated from other material, they may be
further processed to reduce the size of the bone fragments to
depending on the bone structure of the decedent, will weigh
between 4 to 8 pounds, and are usually white in color, but can
be other colors due to temperature variations and other
should be provided with an urn in which the cremated remains
will be placed. If no urn is provided or the urn is not large
enough to hold the remains, the crematory will place the remains
or any excess in a container made of plastic, light metal,
cardboard, unfinished wood, or other suitable material to hold
the remains until an urn is acquired or the cremated remains are